Guru Nanak: Main Lessons
Nam Japna - To get up each day before sunrise, to clean the body, meditate on God's Name and recite the Guru's hymns to clean the mind and throughout the day to continuously remember God's Name with every breath.
Dharam di Kirat Karni - To work and earn by the sweat of the brow, to live a family way of life, and practice truthfulness and honesty in all dealings.
Vand Ke Chakna - To share the fruits of one's labor with others before considering oneself. Thus, to live as an inspiration and a support to the entire community.
The Ten Gurus of the Sikhs
The foundation of Sikhism was laid down by Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Guru Nanak Dev Ji rather than simply passing the Guruship of his teachings onto his own sons (as was the custom at the time) looked for someone to show up who revealed himself as the most deserving of the Guruship. Choosing his replacement he laid his hand upon him and announced him 'Angad' (part of his own body). Subsequently the light of Guruship was passed in the same manner, always to the person who showed himself to each new 'Nanak' as his replacement. The word "Guru" is derived from the root words "Gu", which means darkness or ignorance, and "Ru", which means light or knowledge. Thus, a "Guru" is one who takes a person from darkness of ignorance to the light of knowledge. The "Guru" guides us to experience the Truth (of God).
Each one of the ten Gurus represents a divine attribute:
Guru Nanak Dev Ji - Humility
Guru Angad Dev Ji - Obedience
Guru Amar Das Ji — Equality
Guru Ram Das Ji - Service
Guru Arjan Dev Ji - Self-Sacrifice
Guru Hargobind Ji - Justice
Guru Har Rai Ji - Mercy
Guru Harkrishan Ji - Purity
Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji - Tranquility
Guru Gobind Singh Ji - Courage
Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the Tenth Guru, exemplified the Sikh ideal of the 'Sant-Sipahi', which directly translates as Soldier-Saint. He was also an inspired and prolific writer, courageous warrior, and a source of Divine Wisdom to his Sikhs. "When all other means have failed," he said, "only then is it righteous to take up the sword." He was the defender of the poor, the meek, and the oppressed masses of India.